Download PDF by Fred Skolnik: Encyclopaedia Judaica (Her-Int)

By Fred Skolnik

ISBN-10: 0028659287

ISBN-13: 9780028659282

ISBN-10: 0028659295

ISBN-13: 9780028659299

The recent version of Encyclopaedia Judaica brings a huge reference paintings into the twenty-first century. In 1928 Nahum Goldman, head of Eshkol Publishing, in Berlin, all started paintings on a finished reference paintings concerning the heritage and tradition of the Jewish humans. That paintings was once by no means accomplished, and the ten complete volumes stay as either a witness to eu Jewish scholarship and a reminder of Hitler's destruction of that culture. Goldman survived the Holocaust, and in 1966, he used his reparation cash to restore paintings at the encyclopedia at Keter Publishing condominium, in Jerusalem. In 1972, greater than forty five years after the paintings started, the 1st version used to be accomplished. Keter Publishing residence and Macmillan Reference united states, its American companion, published Hebrew and English-language models of the paintings. just like the unique paintings, it was once an intensive, geared up assessment of Jewish lifestyles and data. Updating a wide source is hard. The publishers issued yearbooks and vitamins cumulating the 1973–1982 and 1983–1992 volumes in addition to an up-to-date CD-ROM model in 1997, however the Jewish global has replaced very much considering that then. the second one variation can be a collaboration of Keter Publishing condominium and Macmillan Reference, that's now a Thomson Gale imprint. Editors Berenbaum and Skolnik amassed a global workforce of greater than 50 divisional editors and 1,200 students to provide the paintings. they've got created 22 volumes with nearly 22,000 entries. a few 2,600 entries are new, and 12,000 were considerably revised. As they did in Encyclopedia of faith (2004), the publishers left the unique articles intact and additional up to date fabric in an appended article that follows. This variation has a hundred and fifty pages of colour inserts showing as centerfolds in every one quantity in addition to six hundred maps, tables, and illustrations. There also are 30,000 new biographical entries. Why is that this variation varied? construction at the scholarship of the 1st variation, the editors have additional fabric that files latest Jewish groups. because the booklet of the 1st version, Israel has been via wars and intifadas, the position of ladies in Jewish existence has vastly elevated, and the Soviet Union has disappeared. the main swiftly becoming Jewish groups within the U.S. are in Las Vegas and Phoenix, however the real variety of Jews within the state is declining because of low start premiums. a complete new new release of scholarship has emerged, with new information regarding every little thing from the Bible and the Talmud to women's reports and the Holocaust. The members to this version used the cloth of the nice students similar to Salo Baron, Cecil Roth, and Gershom Scholem as a beginning for his or her new insights, giving clients higher intensity and a latest point of view. quantity 1 has a listing of the editors and members. They contain Yehuda Bauer (Hebrew University), David Ellenson (Hebrew Union College), Deborah E. Lipstadt (University of California, Los Angeles), and Xun Zhou (University of London). The encyclopedia good points entries similar to a piece of writing on Jewish legislations (Mishpat Ivri) written through Justice Menachem Elon, deputy president of the preferrred courtroom of Israel. He examines historic spiritual legislations as mirrored within the courts of a contemporary, sovereign Jewish nation. Entries concerning the Bible contain either the good medieval commentators comparable to Rashi and Maimonides and sleek serious literary stories of the Bible as an built-in paintings. individuals study the resources of the Bible, its composition, and its authors. The Talmud gets comparable remedy, with greater than a hundred biographies of the larger and lesser rabbinic figures and extra available fabric, reflecting the elevated participation of the general public in Talmudic research. The women's viewpoint appears to be like through the encyclopedia, with articles approximately biblical stereotypes, their perspectives concerning the mikveh (ritual bath), and biographies of ladies either old and smooth (Beruryah, a second-century Talmud pupil; Bella Abzug). Agunah (Orthodox ladies who can't remarry simply because their husbands refuse to provide them non secular divorces) and assurance of the bat mitzvah and the ladies of the Wall case are different examples of the elevated emphasis on women's concerns during this version. huge articles rfile the contributions of Jews to the humanities, sciences, activities, politics, and leisure. Albert Einstein, Rita Levi-Montalcini, Amos ounces, and Philip Roth look in addition to Victor Borge, Jascha Heifetz, and Sandy Koufax. all of the 50 states and the international locations of the area, in addition to significant towns, have entries, as do museums, cultural associations, and organisations. The Holocaust and Israel occupy the foremost a part of volumes nine and 10, respectively, reflecting their vital roles in Jewish heritage and tradition. a number of thematic outlines (for articles on heritage, faith, language and literature, Jews in international tradition, and ladies) and a close index support clients pinpoint particular details. The publication model makes use of the traditional Gale interface and is out there as a part of the Gale digital Reference middle. One great characteristic for clients who print or obtain is the choice of having the textual content in PDF structure if wanted. the second one version of Encyclopaedia Judaica is a welcome boost to reference collections. by means of documenting the fashionable Jewish adventure whereas conserving hyperlinks with its wealthy prior, it presents clients with information regarding all features of Jewish faith and tradition. This paintings acquired the 2006 Dartmouth Medal, a hard-earned award.

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Download e-book for iPad: Ecological Systems: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia by Rik Leemans (auth.), Rik Leemans (eds.)

By Rik Leemans (auth.), Rik Leemans (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1461457548

ISBN-13: 9781461457541

ISBN-10: 1461457556

ISBN-13: 9781461457558

Earth is domestic to an predicted eight million animal species, 600,000 fungi, 300,000 crops, and an undetermined variety of microbial species. of those animal, fungal, and plant species, an anticipated seventy five% haven't begun to be pointed out. additionally, the interactions among those species and their actual surroundings are recognized to a good lesser measure. while, the earth’s biota faces the possibility of weather switch, which can take place slowly or super swiftly, in addition to a human inhabitants set to develop by means of billion through 2045 from the present seven billion. Given those significant ecological alterations, we can't watch for a whole biota facts set earlier than assessing, making plans, and performing to maintain the ecological stability of the earth. This publication offers accomplished insurance of the medical and engineering foundation of the platforms ecology of the earth in 15 specific, peer-reviewed entries written for a vast viewers of undergraduate and graduate scholars in addition to training pros in executive, academia, and undefined. The method provided goals at deciding upon key interactions and environmental results, and permitting a systems-level realizing regardless of our current country of actual knowledge.

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Download e-book for iPad: Wiley Encyclopedia of Chemical Biology (Online Edition 2008) by Tadhg P. Begley

By Tadhg P. Begley

ISBN-10: 0470048670

ISBN-13: 9780470048672

ISBN-10: 0471754773

ISBN-13: 9780471754770

The Wiley Encyclopedia of Chemical Biology is an authoritative new paintings whose aim is to light up the the most important function of chemistry and chemical suggestions within the existence sciences. The encyclopedia will undertake an inclusive editorial process, encompassing primary and blue-sky technological know-how in addition to these parts of study that experience extra instant scientific or advertisement purposes. The scope and constitution of the paintings will replicate the multidimensional personality of chemical biology, focusing specifically at the basic technology of organic constructions and structures, using chemical and organic thoughts to clarify that technological know-how, and the functions of this data in components as various as drug discovery, sensor expertise, and catalysis.Major themes parts lined within the encyclopedia:Chemical perspectives of BiologyBiomolecules in the CellChemistry of organic techniques and SystemsChemical Biology of mobile CompartmentsSynthetic Molecules as instruments for Chemical BiologyTechnologies and methods in Chemical BiologyApplications of Chemical Biology

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Get Encyclopedia of Dietary Supplements PDF

By Mark Levine, Paul M. Coates, Joseph M. Betz, Marc R. Blackman, Gordon M. Cragg, Joel Moss, Jeffrey D. White

ISBN-10: 1439819289

ISBN-13: 9781439819289

 Funneling uncomplicated chemical, preclinical, and scientific information right into a descriptive shape helpful to wellbeing and fitness care pros, researchers, and expert, health-conscious shoppers, Encyclopedia of supplements provides peer-reviewed, aim entries that carefully research the main major clinical learn. It provides evidence-based details at the significant nutrition and mineral micronutrients, unmarried herbs and botanicals, phytochemicals, and different bioactive arrangements. Containing approximately a hundred entries contributed by means of popular subject-specific specialists, the publication serves as a systematic checkpoint for the various OTC vitamins carried in today's dietary items marketplace.

Situated as a systematic checkpoint for the various over the counter vitamins carried in today's dietary items industry, this definitive Encyclopedia of supplements provides peer-reviewed, aim entries that carefully evaluate the main major medical research-funneling uncomplicated chemical, preclinical, and scientific facts right into a descriptive shape universally priceless to wellbeing and fitness care execs, researchers, and expert, health-conscious consumers.

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Read e-book online Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800-1914 [Two PDF

By Carl Cavanagh (EDT) Hodge Carl Cavanagh Hodge

ISBN-10: 0313334048

ISBN-13: 9780313334047

Making the trendy WorldThis scrupulously researched compendium presents a extraordinary heritage of the interval 1800 to 1914. yet what makes the interval, and for that reason this booklet, in particular important is that the interval of eu imperialism 1800-1914 was once so major in shaping worldwide politics within the 20th century or even as much as today.Unlike so much encyclopedias this quantity has a brilliantly conceived unifying topic in regards to the fight for territory in Europe and past for over 100 years. Carl Cavanagh Hodge is a wonderful editor. He has introduced jointly sixty students to outline, describe and clarify over 800 issues of imperialism. Hodge's very good introductory synthesis of the interval from 1800 to 1914 binds jointly the disparate matters. He then indexes the e-book in resembling method as to permit the reader to envision the old entries from the perspective of ideas, treaties, alliances, realms and international locations, battles, associations, leaders, statesmen, conflicts and wars.The nineteenth century witnessed momentous and swift switch. the eu wars over territory and authority mixed with in a foreign country exploits resulted in a interval of huge globalization, now not obvious sooner than on this planet. enlargement within the Americas, Africa and to some degree in Asia used to be observed through a growing to be advertisement integration. there has been no longer a political union corresponding to the League of countries and the United international locations later supplied, yet nonetheless the area grew gradually nearer jointly. advertisement job within the kind of exchange and banks compelled interdependence between states even whereas they contested over territories and peoples.There has been a lot superficial dialogue in fresh 12 months approximately even if the us has develop into an "empire" or has imperial pursuits. those renowned treatises light beside this whole therapy of the imperial empires of england, France, Germany, the Habsburgs, Japan, Ottoman, Portugal, Russia, Spanish and the USA. This publication can assist to nuance those ideas.Four conclusions approximately this ebook are transparent: it really is meticulously edited, superbly written, very important, and dizzyingly well timed.

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