By Mark Neocleous
To maintain social order the country needs to administer civil society, with a threefold objective - the fashioning of the industry, the structure of felony subjectivity and the subsumption of fight. In Administering Civil Society Mark Neocleous deals a rethinking of the state-civil society contrast throughout the concept of political management. this is often completed via an unique analyzing of Hegel's Philosophy of correct and an insightful critique of Foucault's account of strength and management. the result is a hugely provocative conception of country energy.
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Additional info for Administering Civil Society: Towards a Theory of State Power
Thus although Marx recognizes the state as a force of coercion, he also sees how it is presented as a force representing the whole community and working for the 'public good'. In adopting the problem of Machiavelli's centaur Gramsci problematizes the coercion-consent couplet. As John Hoffman notes, the synthesis of coercion and consent that exists in the classical tradition has to be taken apart to be analysed; this Gramsci does. But in analysing them he loses the synthesis found in Marx. 61 Marx treats coercion and consent as synthesized within the unity of domination because he accepts the Hegelian principle that social order is constituted through a process of struggle.
The focus on base and superstructure also shifts attention away from another of Marx's categories: the 'social'. It was noted above that Marx dismisses Hegel's proposed solution to the separation of state and civil society. Since mediating institutions can only mediate the separation, the real solution must be to close it off completely, and it is this that Marx intends by using the category of the social. With the distinction between state and civil society the possibility emerges of the development of disciplines in which 'political' and 'social' relations are studied separately.
49 However, his critique of economism does not lead him to break with Marxism in the manner of Bernstein, but to a more sophisticated attempt to conceptualize the problem through state, civil society and economic structure (base). In the process of performing this task Gramsci separates the economic base/structure from the concept of civil society. Thus on the one hand the economic base is seen as one side of a structure-superstructure dichotomy, on the other hand the superstructure is taken to include two levels, one of which is civil society.
Administering Civil Society: Towards a Theory of State Power by Mark Neocleous