By José Luis Martí
This publication examines an not going improvement in sleek political philosophy: the adoption via a tremendous nationwide executive of the tips of a residing political theorist. whilst Jos Luis Rodrguez Zapatero grew to become Spain's competition chief in 2000, he pledged that if his socialist get together received energy he might govern Spain in keeping with the foundations specified by Philip Pettit's 1997 e-book Republicanism, which offered, instead to liberalism and communitarianism, a idea of freedom and govt in response to the belief of nondomination. whilst Zapatero was once elected President in 2004, he invited Pettit to Spain to offer a big speech approximately his rules. Zapatero additionally invited Pettit to watch Spanish politics and carry one of those file card ahead of the following election. Pettit did so, returning to Spain in 2007 to make a presentation during which he gave Zapatero's govt a professional thumbs-up for selling republican beliefs. during this e-book, Pettit and Jos Luis Mart give you the historic historical past to those strange occasions, clarify the rules of civic republicanism in obtainable phrases, current Pettit's document and his reaction to a couple of its critics, and contain an in depth interview with Zapatero himself. moreover, the authors speak about what's required of a political philosophy whether it is to play this kind of public function that civic republicanism has been taking part in in Spain. an enormous account of an extraordinary and memorable come across among modern political philosophy and real-world politics, this can be additionally an important paintings of political philosophy in its personal correct.
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Additional info for A Political Philosophy in Public Life: Civic Republicanism in Zapatero's Spain
THE SPANISH CONTEXTâ•…â•‡ 17 row and substance,” a government that accompanies its citizens in their problems and dreams because some utopias deserve to be dreamt. Perhaps we will not attain them completely, but they will be the signposts on the path we have to walk. (Rodríguez Zapatero 2004c, 24)52 Zapatero took office in the Moncloa, the residence and office of the Spanish prime minister, on April 17, 2004. 53 Not so well known was another move: he invited Philip Pettit, his mentor (as he was called by the Spanish media), to come to Spain.
Bentham and Paley were reformers, not revolutionaries, and they shrank from endorsing a project for enabling all citizens, men and women, rich and poor, to live independently of the power of others. At the same time that they expanded the compass of the state’s concern for freedom, then, they diluted the demands of the ideal, articulating them as demands for noninterference, not nondomination. The retreat from republican liberty appears clearly in a book that Paley published in 1785 and that remained a best-selling text for well over a century.
In this atmosphere of parliamentary aggression and tension, Zapatero argued for a principled politics based on civic republicanism. His republicanism supported the dialogue that he pursued with ETA and the decentralization of power that increased regional autonomy would provide. 73 I pick two examples related to his social agenda, and a third in the area of foreign policy. Each policy to be illustrated was a part of Zapatero’s political program, each was developed in his first period of government, and each carried a serious electoral risk.
A Political Philosophy in Public Life: Civic Republicanism in Zapatero's Spain by José Luis Martí