By David J. Beintema
"Research on repiratory, circulatory, genetical and biochemical positive aspects of the neonate has made great development lately, yet wisdom of the functionality of C.N.S. at the moment in nonetheless scanty. The mind of the younger baby has been the ignored organ par excellence. There are actually symptoms that this case is altering. learn on mind mechanisms of the younger youngster has frequently been restricted to reviews of unmarried responses of reflexes. This has ended in an in depth description of the repertoire of mind mechanisms. those findings within the little one have been with regards to neurological mechanisms present in pathological situation s of the grownup mind lately, notwithstanding, the developmental procedures of the child mind have ben studied of their personal correct.
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Additional info for A Neurological Study of Newborn Infants. Clinics in Developmental Medicine, No. 28
State Total n Μ^α« n Mean « Mean n Mean n Mean s. d. 12 7 3 5 1 3 0-6 0-6 0-7 1-2 20 10 2 20 13 25 20 22 20 27 25 26 30 0-8 1-5 20 2-3 2-5 2-6 2-4 2-7 2-7 1 4 5 4 7 5 7 10 4 10 0-5 0-8 1-5 11 1-4 20 1-7 10 23 12 10 8 8 5 5 4 1 0-9 1-4 1-2 1-4 1-6 1-8 1-6 1-7 20 49 48 38 39 36 40 37 42 35 0-8 1-3 1-6 1-9 20 2-2 2-2 2-3 2-5 ±0-5 ±0-8 ±10 ±0-9 ±11 ±10 ±11 ±1-2 ±10 - - - - The incidence of predominant state 4 increased significantly during the course of the neonatal period and this may be a reason for the higher scores for alterability of the state on later days.
These infants behave as if they need more time to develop their maximal activity. During the initial observation of spontaneous motor activity they are not in an optimal state, and they need to be activated by the examiner. After this their state is optimal for the recording of abdominal skin reflexes, blink reflexes, and resistance against passive movements. When they become more active, their state is optimal for the next period. Pattern B (Fig. 7) represents the reverse — the state is 4 (or 5) at the beginning 32 of the examination and changes to state 3 at the end.
47 TABLE 31 Abdominal Skin Reflex Age in days Score-correlations 1 2 3 4 5 6 between day (a) and: n = 49 n = 48 n = 38 n = 39 A/ = 36 7 8 AZ First examination r = X Final examination r = +0-31 final exam. = 40 « = 37 n = 42 « = 49 +0-25 +0-24 +0-26 +0-00 +0-10 +0-18 +0-32 +0-31 +0-32 +0-32 +0-49 +0-37 +0-28 +0-57 +0-45 X Pearson's product-moment correlation coefficients (one-tailed test) bold figures: ρ<0·01 italic figures: ρ<0·05 (2) After the 3rd day there was a significantly positive correlation between the scores on nearly all the days.
A Neurological Study of Newborn Infants. Clinics in Developmental Medicine, No. 28 by David J. Beintema